Pakistan has a multicultural and multi-ethnic society and holds one of the major refugee populations worldwide as well as a young community. Pakistan’s anticipated population in 2012 is over 187 million rendering it the world’s sixth most-populous state, behind Brazil and prior Nigeria.
During 1950–2011, Pakistan’s metropolitan population expanded over seven-fold whilst the entire population increased by over fourfold. In the past, the country’s population had a comparatively excessive growth rate that is definitely changed from average birth rates. The populace growing rate currently stands at 1.6%.
Striking social transforms have triggered rapid urbanization and the emergence of megacities. For the period of 1990–2003, Pakistan experienced its historical lead as the second most urbanized nation in South Asia..
Today the Pakistani population is growing rapidly day by day. Folks said there are various reasons behind this alarming growth. According to recent research performed by student of Punjab University, lack of education is one of the enormous causes. Research states that the areas where women’s literacy rate was 12.5, literacy rate is 2.14. Whereas the areas with literacy rate of 7.17 have literacy rate of 2.48.
Although India and China are far ahead from us in terms of population but, literacy rate of these countries is less than that of Pakistan. In India it is 2.62, in China 1.62 but in Pakistan it is reaching now at rate of 3.40.
The keen objective of this research was to dig deep the utmost factors of population growth in Pakistan. Facts and figures reveal that the desire to have a son is the main reason why women give birth to many children. Because it is a common belief of our society that generation augment by sons. Women’s age at time of wedding, their education, morality rate in children, the family’s income and quantity of girls are other elements which are involved in the growth of population.
Pakistan’s more developed areas have less population rate than that of non developed areas. Reason behind all this is their ignorance to education. It is also observed that rate of children’s birth is more in a lower class than that of middle and upper class. Upper class and career oriented women have normally 2 or 3 kids while, in lower class having 7 or 8 children is normal practice.
Education is the only solution to this problem. Unfortunately it is given less value and having a common belief that women don’t need proper education. They should remain home and taking care of children. In order to control population growth it is necessary to increase the literacy rate in women. So instead of staying at home and having more children they will focus on having bright career.