Pakistan is a land of thousand of faces; a country simply over flowing with cultural richness and traditional beauty. Whatever the preferences are, Pakistani culture and its people always use to display various colorful customs, traditions, many of which are heavily influenced by foreign customs. As a state and as a united society, Pakistan is always at the top for having most peaceful culture which is attractive along with its simplicity. But unfortunately people are getting attracted towards the modern life style and they are letting their culture behind. The culture of Pakistan is very delightful and attractive due to its purity and simplicity. Its pure culture has made it famous in the entire world and people from the entire world want to see the beauty of this beautiful country. The independence of Pakistan was wrapped in the cover of strong citizenship and ethical background. The state of Pakistan is a mixture of different cultures from all its provinces of Punjab, Sindh, NWFP and Balochistan. Islamic identity for Pakistan becomes its power and democracy appeared in all over the Pakistan.
People of Balochistan:
Balochistan is the biggest province of Pakistan. It is a land of having unique and diversified culture which is covered by the love, peace and harmony between the residents of this province. The aroma of the people of Balochistan is to love and to give warmth welcome and a great hospitality to their guests. Religion Islam has bound all the people of Balochistan in a very strong bond; they are loveable in spite of being “Conservative”. The people of Balochistan are living very simple life which makes them different from the people of other provinces of Pakistan. The people in Balochistan use to live in the form of groups and tribes. There are many tribes in the province which belongs to the different cities of this province, but the most commonly known and most powerful tribes are: (a) Baloch, (b) Pashton, and (c) Brahvi.
The people from the tribe Bloch are basically Balochi speaking people and this tribe includes Rind, Lashar, Marri, Jamot, Ahmedzai, Bugti domki, Magsi, Khosa, Rakhashani, Dashti Umrani, Nosherwani, Gichki, Buledi, Sanjarani and Khidai. These all are the sub divided branches of a tribe Bloch. The head or leader of each tribe is called the “Sardar”, where as the sub divided branches or sub divided tribes also have a head which is called “Malik” or “Takari” or “Mir”. The people of Balochistan believe that the people who become the Sardar and Malik of a tribe are the members of district and other local Jirgas. Balochi people use to believe that people of Baloch tribe who has originally came from Arabia or Asia Minor should be divided in two sub tribes as Sulemani and Mekrani.
The second largest tribe of Balochistan is the Pashtoon tribe which is also a respectable tribe of this province and belongs to different cities of Balochistan. The Pashtoon tribe is the group of Pashtoo speaking people which have the following sub tribes include Kakar, Ghilzai Tareen, Mandokhel, Sherani, Luni, Kasi and Achakzai. The Brahvi tribe is also further divided in sub tribes which include: Raisani, hahwani, Sumulani, Bangulzai, Mohammad Shahi, Lehri, Bezenjo, Mohammad Hasni, Zarakzai (which is also known as Zehri), Mengal and Lango.
Adopted Languages of people of Balochistan:
The people of Balochistan are much diversified in their culture and their spoken languages is also a pert of their culture. The people, who live in the urban areas of the province, are able to understand and speak more then two languages where as the people who are living in the rural areas, they found it difficult to understand the language other than their native language. Balochi, pashtoo and Brahvi are three major and common languages of people of Balochistan, except of these three languages, people of Balochistan speaks Urdu as it is a national language of Pakistan. In the areas of Kachhi and Sibbi District the people use to speak Sindhi and Seraiki language. There are also many people who know the Punjabi, Darri and Persian and have adopted one of them as their language.
Culture of Balochistan:
People of Balochistan are known for their spirit of hospitality and tranquility. Balochistan portray various cultures with in the province. Though people speak different languages, there is a similarity in their literature, beliefs, moral order and customs. The cementing factor is religion which provides a base for unity and common social order. The people of Balochistan are very loving and leading a very simple life. The formation of villages with having houses made of mud, are a big attraction for the guests and tourists.
The whole village use to welcome the guest and each of them assume that the guest is their. Especially the Brahvi, Balochi and Pashtoon tribes are known for their hospitality. Another adorable and appealing mark of Balochistan’s culture is the faithfulness and sincerity of its people which is equal in their all relationships. There is no place or respect for unfaithful people in prevalent moral order. If fidelity is reciprocated with disloyalty or betrayal it is never forgotten.
Marriages, dressing and Festivals of Balochistan:
In Balochistan, marriages took place in the presence of a Mullah which is a religious teacher of those people and in the presence of some witnesses. All the family members took part in the marriage and they express their joy and happiness by performing in the wedding ceremony according to their culture. Except a negligible fraction of love marriages, all marriages are arranged. Divorce rate is very low in the Balochistan relatively to the other provinces of Pakistan. A lot of marriage rituals are celebrated in different tribes. In some tribes, the takings of “Valver”, a sum of money paid by the groom to his to be wife’s family, also exist.
The people of Balochistan dress them selves up in very pleasing and attractive way and it is almost same in all the tribes of Balochistan, the dissimilarity is very low and can be seen only after a deep analysis. Turban is the common headwear of the men of Balochistan. They wide loose shalwar along with knee-long shirts. The dressing of the females in Balochistan is consists of the typical shirt having a big pocket in front. The shirt normally has embroidery work with embedded small round mirror pieces. Big ‘Dopatta’ or ‘Chaddar’, a long rectangular piece of cloth cascading down the shoulders and used to cover head, are used by the women.
There are religious and social festivals celebrated by the people of Balochistan. Two major religious festivals are Eid-ul-Azha and Eid-ul-Fiter. On these festivals people adorn their houses, wear new dresses, cook special dishes and visit each other. Eid-Meladun-Nabi is another religious festival. It is a celebration of the Holy Prophet’s birthday. Numerous colorful social festivals are also source of jubilation. Sibi festival that traces its roots to Mehergar, an archeological site of ancient human civilization, attracts people from across the country. It is attended by common folks, ministers and other government officials. Folk music performance, cultural dances, handicrafts stalls, cattle shows and a number of other amusing activities present a perfect riot of color. Buzkashi is a peculiar festival showing valour of Balochistan people. It is celebrated on horse-back by two teams that use their skills to snatch a goat from the each other.