Breast cancer is the most diagnosed cancer in the females of Pakistan and this cancer is increasing in the women of the age younger than 40. It is also becoming a very common disease in India, Canada, USA, and China. There is very minor Geographic variation in the disease of breast cancer which can be attributed because of the racial and genetic differences, the cultural differences, and also the environmental exposures that vary in the entire world. The countries which have high rate of breast cancer include Canada, United States, Singapore, United Kingdom have documented a rise in breast cancer in premenopausal Indian and Pakistani women (younger than 40) compared to local Caucasian women [of age 24 to 33].
Yet very little is known about the specific histological subtypes or receptor status of breast cancer in women of Indian/Pakistani origin in the U.S. Understanding frequency of occurrence of specific breast cancer subtypes and associated risk factors in the Indian and Pakistani women it may make clear breast cancer prevention, screening and treatment strategies tailored to the unique risk of this ethnic group.
A recent report on the breast cancer has told us that the ratio of this disease is very high in Pakistan and the half of Pakistan’s women population is facing this problem. Almost half of the 90000 of women are affected with the breast cancer only in the province of Punjab and in the other provinces of Pakistan; the ratio of breast cancer is also very high. In a report it has been told that 10% of Punjab’s women have come to examine themselves and up to 75% of women from this 10% were found affected of Breast Cancer. But a sad point is, a majority of these women died as they did get their self treated within the time.
A report said the women who underwent surgical removal of a breast were an important concern around the world. He said aesthetic problems related to the surgery could be easily redressed, but lack of awareness caused low self-esteem, keeping low stooped posture, lack of confidence, social dissociation and in some cases suicide among the patients. Some of the women who had surgical removal in the West suffered far less these problems. And thus the real problem of breast cancer in Pakistan is the lack of education and information in the women of Pakistan. In far away villages and small town, where people don’t have availability of media, they don’t have much awareness about the cancer and specially the breast cancer. Even though, there are various techniques and treatments which are now available for maintaining the volume and appearance of the breast. But when most part of the breast was removed then the space could be filled with some other body tissue or with prostheses like silicone or saline breast implants.
There are many plastic surgery options are now available in the entire world to fight against the breast cancer, but unfortunately in Pakistan there are the same old techniques still in practice, which provided little relief to the patients.
Thus another major reason of high breast cancer rate in the Pakistan is the shortage of trained doctors to manage breast related problems. Government should conduct some seminars and introduce new techniques in the country to prevent women of Pakistan as without the help of the government, it is near to impossible to save the lives of Pakistani women. Moreover, government should give cheap and affordable treatment to the poor women who are not able to get their selves treated due to high fees of doctor and hospital expenditures. it is an unfortunate that in Pakistan it was still considered a taboo for women to take care of their bodies and many women are afraid to talk about breast cancer to their male. To avoid this situation, female doctors should be trained by the government to give ease to women so that they could talk freely about their problem with a female like them.