Government has conducted many National Energy Conferences on provisional and national level, but they all are in vain. In this conference, the government authorities just use to talk about the methods to control the energy crisis in country and the masses have dejected over extended outage of electricity energy. Although government has conducted many conferences before this to control the shortage of energy and all of them remained useless and this time, government authorities have also made a use less conclusion of this conference. Pakistan is facing a big and serious energy crisis which is increasing with the passage of time and the government of Pakistan has remained fail to control this and fix this issue.
In spite of the growing ratio of economical growth in the entire world, Pakistan is stuck with the same energy crisis specifically from the last 5 years. Now, the demand for energy exceeds supply and due to less supply, the result occurs in form of “load-shedding” for Pakistanis, and it is a common phenomenon now through frequent power shutdowns. Pakistan needs about 14000-15000MW electricity per day, and the demand is likely to rise to approximately 20,000 MW per day by 2010. Currently, Pakistan is able to produce about 11, 500 MW per day and thus there is a shortfall of about 3000-4000MW per day. This shortage has badly affecting industries of Pakistan and industrialists are shifting their business from Pakistan after protesting a lot against this load shedding, a gift of government to its nation. It has also affected the commerce and business sector, and the daily life of people.
Although government authorities have used to talk big ones in this conference but the public is aware from the current government’s abilities now and they know that this conference will contribute nothing for the alleviation of electricity short fall. The conclusion of this conference was not different from the previous ones and it has added a new head ache and problems for the business doing persons. They have taken step for markets and all the shops to remain shut from 8 pm in the evening and the working days in a week are reduced by the government from 6 days to 5 days. Government thought that by implementing this exercise they will be able to save 100 units of electricity.
The solution of electricity issues in Pakistan is seem out of question as it is very difficult to fix now after a very massive shortfall of electricity. The demand for the electricity decreased in the winter season but it went to double when summer comes. Power sector of Pakistan has given a huge threat to its economy and people are bound to spend their days with out electricity.
The country is going down fall and has plunged into the worst crisis of energy since 2007; it is because of the rising demand for electricity in the country. A study has told that the demand for electricity has entered into double digit figure following increasing sale of electrical and electronic appliances. The Pakistan Economic Survey for the year of 2003 and 2004 has told us that the consumption of electricity has increased by 8.6 per cent in the entire. People are now demanding and adopting more luxurious life style which has increased this demand. This survey has unveiled that the household sector is the biggest consumer of electricity which use to use almost 44.2 per cent of total the electricity consumption in the country. Where as industrial sector is using 31.1 per cent of electricity, agriculture sector is consuming 14.3 per cent, all other government sector are consuming 7.4 per cent, the commercial sector is liable to consume 5.5 per cent and the rest of 0.7 per cent is being consumed on the street lights.
Pakistan is also facing a foremost energy crisis also in the natural gas, power and oil and this is a cause of increased rates of CNG and LPG gas in the country. Pakistan’s total energy requirement has increased a lot. The increase is about 48 per cent to 80 million tons of oil equivalent (MTOE) in 2010. Major shortfall has occurred in the natural gas supplies. According to official energy demand forecast the demand for natural gas, having about 50 per cent share in the country’s energy consumption.